Course Catalog

All-College Courses

  • Freshman Studies (FS) 100 – Introduction to College Orientation to the College program and environment includes general requirements of the College; policies, practices and procedures, and practices necessary to function successfully at Knoxville College; services of College departments and organizations; use of the library and student skills such as how to study, time management, critical thinking, use of analytical data and others. Required of new freshmen. (2 hours)
  • Contemporary Issues (CON) 100 – A weekly assembly course addressing various current issues related to the College and to national and world affairs. Required of all students during each semester of full-time enrollment up to a minimum of six semesters. (0 hours)
  • Work Program (WP) 198-199 – Campus Work Assignments. Most first-year students will be assigned various responsibilities on campus where they will be allowed to demonstrate their abilities and work habits. Students at this level will be expected to work an average of 11 hours per week. Typical Level I assignments involve work in the dining hall, grounds maintenance, physical plant, clerical positions, etc. Enrollment in this course will be coordinated by the Work Program Coordinator, who will assign students on the basis of individual skills and interests, institutional needs, and job availability.
  • Work Program (WP) 298-299 – Community Service. (Prerequisite: WP 198-199) The second level of the Work Program is designed to furnish service to the community by providing capable student workers to assist non-profit agencies and organizations. Enrollment in this course will be coordinated by the Work Program Coordinator, who will assign students to positions on the basis of individual skills and interest, community needs, and job availability.
  • Work Program (WP) 398-399 – Internship. (Prerequisite: WP 298-299) Most third level students will be assigned to positions with businesses and employers that identify closely with their particular field of study and provide initial exposure to their discipline. The number of hours worked per week will depend upon the rate of pay. Interns may work additional hours if agreeable with the employer.
  • Work Program (WP) 498-499 – Externship (Cooperative Education). (Prerequisite: WP 398-399) The number of hours worked per week will depend upon the rate of pay. Most students at the fourth level will be placed with an agency or organization that is within their area of concentration or emphasis. The employer will provide training, supervision, and an appropriate rate of pay.


The Department of Humanities offers courses in communications, English, history, speech and theater, religion, philosophy, Spanish, French, music, and art.

Programs. The programs lead to the Bachelor of Science Degree in Liberal Studies with emphasis in English, Communications, History, Religion and Philosophy, or Music Business.




ART 311 Art History 3
ENGL 321, 322 American Literature I and II 6
ENGL 330 African-American Literature 3
HIST 301, 302 Issues in African American History 6
HIST 205, 206 U.S. History I and II 6
MUS 422 African American Music 3
MUS 424 Jazz History and Appreciation 3
PHIL 340 History of Philosophy 3
REL 430 Readings in Religion 3
SPCH 340 Oral Interpretation 3

Note: A substantial number of humanities courses contribute to the general education core and must be taken by all students, including

  • Foreign Language French or Spanish
  • History 201-202 World Civilization I-II
  • Religion 110 Introduction to New Testament
  • Religion or Philosophy Elective
  • Music/Art 104 Music/Art Appreciation
  • Literature World Literature I-II, English Literature I-II, or American Literature I-II.


  • General Information. The Communications program offers courses to provide an informed and critical appreciation of the mass media. Students will gain the knowledge necessary for graduate study in communications media, for entry-level positions in the communication industry, and for successful performance in professional schools.
  • Emphasis. An emphasis in Communications requires fifteen semester hours in Communications courses, including 201, 301, and 450. A course in statistics is recommended but not required.
  • 201 Introduction to Communications (Prerequisite: ENGL 201) Introduction to print and non-print media; history, current developments, structure, vocabulary; consideration of functions, limitations uses, and responsibilities. Required for an emphasis in Communications. (3 hours)
  • 301 TV-Radio Production (Prerequisite: COMM 201) Theory and practice; techniques and tools; individual and team production exercises in broadcast media. (3 hours)
  • 310 Journalism (Prerequisite: COMM 201) News, editorial, and feature writing for print media; headline and lead writing, copy-editing, proofreading, layout, make-up. Emphasis on newspaper reporting and writing. (3 hours)
  • 330 Speech for Broadcasting (Prerequisite: SPCH 110 and COMM 201) Announcing techniques; pronunciation of standard network English; common foreign-language pronunciation. (3 hours)
  • 450 Media Theory (Prerequisite: 6 hours in COMM, including COMM 201) Exploring of several theoretical models for the study and production of works in print and nonprint media. (3 hours)
  • 460 Management, Marketing, and Sales (Prerequisite: 9 hours in COMM, including 201) Centers on business operations in media organizations, including advertising, sales, and strategies and promotions. Methods include field trips, guest speakers, and readings from professional literature. (3 hours)
  • 490 Topics in Communication (Prerequisite: 6 hours in COMM, including COMM 201) Intensive study of a topic in Communication; substantial critical or research paper or media project required. (3 hours; may be repeated up to 9 hours)


General Information. The English Department offers courses in literature and language to develop (1) the ability to read and write critically and intelligently, (2) the ability to write and speak accurately and effectively, (3) the capacity for informed and critical appreciation of literature, and (4) the knowledge and understanding necessary for graduate study in English.

General Requirements. All students entering Knoxville College must complete a placement examination in reading and writing.

All students at Knoxville College must establish proficiency in English composition with at least six semester hours of course work (ENGL 201-202) with a grade of C or higher. Students may be expected to meet additional English proficiency requirements set by their major divisions and to achieve proficiency scores in reading and critical thinking on the MAPP Test. English 201 and English 202 must be taken in sequence and in successive semesters until the composition requirement has been met.

Freshmen whose placement examinations indicate a level of preparation below that for ENGL 201 will be required to enroll in the developmental sequence and to complete these courses with grades of C or higher before proceeding to ENGL 201. Students are expected to enroll in these courses every semester until they have met the requirement.

Students who are non-native speakers of English and have not met the TOEFL examination requirements must enroll for at least one semester in ENGL 098-099 and must achieve a grade of C or higher before proceeding to ENGL 201. Non-native speakers who have passed the TOEFL will take the required placement test and will be placed by the Department of English ESL specialist.

Credit for developmental English does not contribute to the required 124 hours for graduation.

All transfer students are expected to take the placement test on matriculation. An English faculty member evaluates transcripts to determine if these students should be granted Knoxville College credit for required English courses.

Emphasis in English: For English emphasis, at least eighteen semester hours beyond the general education and Humanities requirements must be passed with grade of C or higher. These courses must include ENGL 225-226 or ENGL 311-312, whichever is not used to meet general education and Humanities concentration requirements.

English Course Offerings

Developmental Courses (No college credit) Both native and nonnative English speakers are invited to enroll in these classes. Students may be placed at any level in these courses and may progress at their own pace, completing requirements for these courses in as little as one semester.

ENGL 098 Comprehensive Language Skills This course provides learners with interactive classes and exercises to hone all language skills. In the speech and hearing comprehension, students will develop skills through reading and listening exercises. At the word level, students will concentrate on vocabulary development and spelling. At the sentence level, students will examine parts of speech and the way they fit together in American English sentences. Students will read, write, listen, critique, and discuss topics appropriate to social and academic growth, thereby developing critical thinking and language skills. The Z grade is an option in this course for up to two attempts. (3 hours)

ENGL 099 Language Structure This course examines written English structures, including word level, sentence level, and paragraph level development. Students will learn basics of writing form and style, grammar, and mechanics. The course is designed to help students better understand the writing process and to write passages that display a sense of audience, focus, supporting detail, and generally correct use of standard English. The Z grade is an option in this course for up to two attempts. (3 hours)

English Courses for College Credit

200 Elements of English This course is beneficial to anyone beginning a college education. It explores process writing, paragraph techniques, rhetorical modes, sentence variety, and language awareness as well as grammar and mechanics. English 200 is designed to equip students with a practical, fundamental knowledge of standard American English and to build a writing skills foundation useful for executing college writing and communication. The Z grade is an option in this course. (3 hours elective credit)

This course is an alternative for the MAPP Test

201 English Composition I (Prerequisite: Placement or completion of ENGL 098-099) This course, the first semester of the freshman English sequence, focuses on expository writing ranging from single paragraphs to essays of some length and complexity. Content will include study of rhetorical and linguistic structures, argumentation, and an introduction to library skills and formal methods of documentation. A grade of C or higher is required to proceed to English 202. The Z grade is an option in this course (3 hours).

202 English Composition II (Prerequisite: English 201 with a grade of C or better) This course, the second semester of the freshman English sequence, continues to emphasize effective writing, analytical reading, argumentation and research techniques. English 202 focuses on the study of argumentative essays and literature, through critical reading, writing, and research. Literature is the primary though not exclusive medium from which the themes and connotative and figurative language of others are evaluated. Students will complete a 1,500-word library paper in this course. A grade of C or higher is required. The Z grade is an option in this course. (3 hours)

225-226 English Literature I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) Study of major English literary works from Beowulf to the present. (3 hours each course)

300 Creative Writing (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) A workshop course in which students pursue their writing interests under the guidance of an instructor. Poetry and short fiction will be emphasized. (3 hours)

311-312 World Literature I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) Study and appreciation of selected masterpieces of world literature from Homer to the present. (3 hours each course)

321-322 American Literature I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) Study of major American literary works from early exploration to the present. (3 hours each course)

330 African-American Literature (Prerequisite: ENGL 321-322) Major works of all literary types, written by African Americans from the eighteenth century to the present. Emphasis on major twentieth-century authors. (3 hours)

360 Shakespeare (Prerequisite: ENGL 225-226) Study of the sonnets and representative plays from both the early and later periods. (3 hours)

400 Topics in English (Prerequisite: ENGL 225-226, ENGL 311-312, 321-322) Study of special topics in English including themes, authors, and interdisciplinary approaches. Topics to be determined by student interest and need. (3 hours. May be repeated up to 6 hours.)

410 Systems of English Grammar (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) A systematic study of formal English grammar and effective expression with attention to recognizing and employing appropriately the various levels of English usage, thinking logically, speaking and writing effectively, editing, evaluating content. This course examines formal English grammar through descriptive and prescriptive approaches, emphasizing diagramming as a means of analysis. It is intended to provide review for editors, writers, and teachers of English and modern languages and also to prepare students for undergraduate and graduate work. (3 hours)

420 Genre Studies (Prerequisite: English 202) A study of the major literary genres: the novel, short fiction, drama, poetry, or autobiography. (3 hours. May be repeated up to 6 hours)

430 Readings in English (Prerequisite: At least six hours in English beyond basic requirements) Intensive reading in a literary tradition, a major author, or a literary period. Topic to be determined by student interest and need. (3 hours. May be repeated up to 6 hours)

440 Professional Writing (Prerequisite: ENGL 202 and senior standing) Study of current writing practices in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. A major writing project will include a ten-page library paper in the student’s major, with resume, cover letter, and professional autobiography. (3 hours)


All students are required to complete one year (6 hours) of a language of global trade or diplomacy), including French or Spanish.

Placement. Students may place out of part or all of the language requirement by achieving the required score on a standardized placement test or by showing completion of three years of the language in high school with grades of C or higher throughout. No student may place out of a course in the last year of matriculation.

With permission of the Department Head, a student may substitute another language by passing a standardized placement test in that language.

French (FREN)

  • 101-102 Elementary French I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 201 or enrollment in ENGL) Introductory speaking, understanding, reading, and writing in French and understanding, reading and writing French. (3 hours each course)
  • 201-202 Intermediate French I-II (Prerequisite: FREN 102 or equivalent proficiency) Review and continuation of grammar fundamentals, vocabulary, reading, and writing, with emphasis on spoken language skills. Supplementary reading of modern prose (average difficulty). (3 hours each course).


  • 101-102 Elementary Spanish I-II (Prerequisite: enrollment in or completion of ENGL 201) Introductory speaking, understanding, reading, and writing in Spanish. (3 hours each course)
  • 201-202 Intermediate Spanish I-II (Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or equivalent proficiency) Review and continuation of grammar fundamentals, vocabulary, reading, and writing, with emphasis on spoken language skills. Supplementary reading of modern prose of average difficulty. (3 hours each course)


  • Emphasis. An emphasis in History requires 21 semester hours in History courses beyond 201-202, including 320, 330, 361-362, 370, and 391-392.
  • 201-202 World Civilization I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) Historical survey of human societies from beginnings to present, in global perspective; emergence and growth of civilization; contrasting styles of living; emphasis on ideologies underlying social, political, and economic patterns. Divided about 1750 A.D.. Should be taken in sequence. (3 hours each course)
  • 205-206 United States History I-II (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) The first course deals with the colonies, provinces, and early national state; testing the Union in civil conflict; industrialization. The second course considers Yankee imperialism and social reform; the world at war; challenges at home and abroad; nationalism, democracy, and capitalism in today’s world. Courses divided at 1877. (3 hours each course)
  • 301 African-American History to 1865 (Prerequisite: HIST 201 and 202). Examines and analyzes the African American experience from their African origins to about 1865. Special emphases are placed on the impact of slavery, the war for independence, the rise of African American culture, sectionalism, civil war, and American racism (3 hours ).
  • 302 African-American History Since 1865 (Prerequisite: HIST 201 and 202). Examines and analyzes African American life from the post-Emancipation era to the present. Some of the major topics include the politics of Reconstruction, segregation and the KKK, urban life, the civil rights movement, and African American contributions to the making of modern America (3 hours).
  • 320 History of Tennessee (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) An examination of the political, economic, and social forces that have influenced Tennessee regional history from prehistory to the present. (3 hours)
  • 330 Urban American History (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) A study of the continuing impact which American urban areas have had on national development and the problems associated with urban growth. (3 hours)
  • 361-362 Continental African History I-II (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) An examination of the history of Africa, focusing on the development and characteristics of societies and civilizations, from prehistory to the mid-1400s. The second half of the course will concentrate on the period from European arrival through colonization and independence to the present. (3 hours)
  • 370 Topics in Twentieth Century American History (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) The course will focus on both domestic and international issues, with an emphasis on the evolution of American attitudes and policies. Specific topics will be taken from such areas as Progressivism, World War I, the 1920s, the Depression and the New Deal, World War II, American society in the 50s and 60s, the Cold War and post-Cold War periods. (3 hours)
  • 391 Early Modern Europe (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) Renaissance and Reformation Europe, focusing on the development of institutions and ideologies to the nineteenth century. (3 hours)
  • 392 Modern Europe (Prerequisite: HIST 201-202) An examination of the background and development of the political and ideological conflicts in Europe during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. (3 hours)

The following courses will be offered on demand:

  • 420 Special Topics in History (Prerequisite: Permission of the Instructor) Individual study; directed reading and/or research; scholarly writing; tutorial sessions; oral, written reports; research notes; editing original documents. Student-interest oriented. (1-3 hours. May be repeated up to 9 hours.)
  • 447 Historical Perspectives: Interpreting and Evaluating Historical Materials (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Intensive practice in internal and external criticism; multiple interpretations; causation; analysis of connecting and conflicting threads; handling original sources; schools of historical scholarship; revisionism; extensive practice in scholarly writing. Required of history minors. (3 hours)
  • 458 Seminar: Historical Materials and the Literature of History (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Philosophies of history; history as literature; historical research: method, materials, collecting data, organization, evaluation; oral history; cliometrics; historical criticism; writing, re-writing, mis-writing of history; preparation, presentation, defense of a research paper. (3 hours)
  • 480 Internship (Prerequisite: Senior status and permission of the Department Head) Students will work with local organizations or agencies involved in institutional and public history. (3 hours)


  • 110 Introduction to the Old Testament A study of the Old Testament, dealing with its background, content, and interpretation. Special emphasis on the historical structure of the Old Testament. (3 hours)
  • 120 Introduction to the New Testament A study of the New Testament, dealing with its background, content, and interpretation. Special emphasis on the life and ministry of Jesus. (3 hours)
  • 230 Great Religions of the World A study of several major non-Christian religions, including preliterary religions, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. (3 hours)
  • 300 Introduction to Christian Theology (Prerequisite: REL 120) A survey of the principal doctrines of the Christian faith, such as Christian beliefs about God, man, Christ, the Bible. (3 hours)
  • 310 Topics in Religion (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Independent study of selected topics in religion such as particular books of the Bible, persons of the Bible, themes or issues of the Bible, issues relating to religion and society. (1-3 hours)
  • 320 History of the Christian Church (Prerequisite: REL 120) A survey of the history of the Church from Jesus to the present, with emphasis on the early centuries, the Reformation, and the modern period. (3 hours)
  • 430 Readings in Religion (Prerequisite: At least 12 hours in Religion and junior or seniors standing) Intensive guided reading around a topic to be selected by the student and the instructor. One or more substantial papers will be required. (3 hours. May be repeated up to 6 hours.)


  • 210 Introduction to Philosophy Introduces the student to topics such as human nature, metaphysics (study of reality and God), epistemology (study of knowledge), and ethics (study of morals). (3 hours)
  • 220 Ethics A survey of a variety of ethical theories. Attention will be given to current ethical problems in areas such as business, medicine, and science. (3 hours)
  • 230 Logical Thinking An introduction to forms of correct reasoning and argumentation with attention to the detection of fallacies, semantic difficulties, and propaganda techniques as these appear in contemporary sources of information. (3 hours)
  • 340 History of Philosophy A study of major philosophers from the time of Plato to the present day. Historical connections between the philosophers and the implications of their ideas will be studied. (3 hours)
  • 410-420 Topics in Philosophy I-II (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Independent study of selected topics in philosophy (1-3 hours each course)
  • 430 Readings in Philosophy (Prerequisite: At least 12 hours in Philosophy and junior or senior standing) Intensive guided reading around a topic to be selected by the student and the instructor. One or more substantial papers will be required. (3 hours May be repeated up to 6 hours)


  • 102 Music Fundamentals Beginning music theory including the grand staff, names of the notes, sharps and flats, beginning keyboard, basic sight singing and rhythm reading half and whole steps. Pattern of the major scale, simpler key signatures, beginning transposition, beginning harmony (I-IV-V in easier keys), and music calligraphy. (2 hours; hours do not count toward the total needed for graduation)
  • 113 Theory and Analysis I (Prerequisite: MUS 102 or placement test) Elementary music theory including major scales and key signatures, intervals, transposition, melodic organization, texture, triads, diatonic harmonic analysis, cadences, with an emphasis on integrated (textural, melodic and harmonic) analysis of simpler compositions. (3 hours)
  • 114 Theory and Analysis II (Prerequisite: MUS 113 or placement test) A continuation of 113 including minor scales, non-harmonic tones, harmonic analysis with inversions, part writing and voice leading, harmonic progression, simple binary and ternary forms, secondary dominants, modulation, with a continued emphasis on integrated analysis of selected pieces. (3 hours)
  • 115 Sight Singing and Ear Training I (Prerequisite: MUS 102 or placement test) (Corequisite: Must be taken concurrently with MUS 113) Ear training concentrates on rhythmic dictation, beginning melodic dictation, and identification of intervals. Sight singing concentrates on step-wise diatonic melodies and the easier chromatic alterations. (0 hours)
  • 116 Sight Singing and Ear Training II (Prerequisite: MUS 115 or placement test) Ear training concentrates on advanced melodic dictation and harmonic dictation. Sight singing concentrates on leaps, chromatic alterations, and modulation. (0 hours)
  • 217 Jazz Theory (Prerequisite: MUS 114) Understanding chord symbols, seventh chords with related scales, jazz progressions, choral extensions, etc. (3 hours)
  • 420 Topics in Music (Prerequisite: MUS 114) Special topics which may offered from time to time in the areas of theory, song writing, historical studies, literature studies, and performance or production projects. (3 hours)


  • 104 Art/Music Appreciation A survey of art and music, including painting, sculpture, architecture, musical forms and styles, families of orchestral instruments, musical terminology and music history. The emphasis is on an interrelationship and evolutionary development of materials, techniques and styles, and the cultures to which they belong. (3 hours)
  • 221 Music History and Literature I: Antiquity-Baroque (Prerequisite: MUS 104) A study of the origins of music, its development in Asia and Africa, and its historical development in Europe through the Baroque Periods. Emphasis on study of musical trends and styles through listening, analysis, and research. Laboratory course required. (3 hours)
  • 222 Music History and Literature II: Classical-Twentieth Century (Prerequisite: MUS 221) A study of the origins of music, its development in Asia and Africa, and its historical development in Europe through the Baroque Periods. Emphasis on study of musical trends and styles through listening, analysis, and research. Laboratory course required. (3 hours)
  • 422 African American Music (Prerequisite: MUS 104) A history of African American music from its African origins to the present, including notable African-American classical performers and composers. (3 hours)
  • 424 Jazz History and Appreciation (Prerequisite: MUS 104) A survey of jazz history from the beginning to the present, understanding jazz forms, harmonies, rhythm and the improvisational process. (3 hours)


  • 314 Introduction to Music Technology (Prerequisite: MUS 102) The basics of electronic keyboards and sound modules and the use of computer applications in music. Topics include sound synthesis and design, sampling, sequencing, MIDI operations, computer based sequencing, and music notation software. (3 hours)
  • 332 Introduction to Recording Studio (Prerequisite: MUS 233)Basic audio recording techniques in the multi-track studio, including elementary physics of sound, magnetic tape recording, equipment, and procedures. (3 hours)
  • 333 Advanced Recording (Prerequisite: MUS 332) A continuation of MUS 332 with emphases on digital effects, microphone techniques, acoustics, and digital recording. (3 hours)


  • 233 Survey of the Music Business (Prerequisite: BUS 110) (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) A broad survey of the music industry, emphasizing the industry as a business. Topics included are record companies, music publishing, copyright law, music licensing, artist management, contracts, concert promotion, and arts administration. (3 hours)
  • 432 Artist Management and Career Development (Prerequisite: MUS 233 and Junior or Senior standing) Development of the professional career in music. Emphasis on managerial responsibility for leadership, direction, and decision over an artist or an entire artistic enterprise, also includes contracts, rights, and responsibilities of the artist. (2 hours)


  • 120 Marching Band/Concert Band (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) (1 hour)
  • 130 Concert Choir (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) (1 hour)
  • 200 Ensemble (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Smaller or more specialized instrumental or vocal ensembles. Offered as needed and appropriate. (1 hour)


  • 110 Introduction to Speech Principles of speaking and listening. A practical and theoretical course designed to prepare students for speaking situations usual to the needs of college and their future careers. (2 hours)
  • 340 Oral Interpretation (Prerequisite: SPCH 110 and completion of the general requirement in literature) Develops the creative and critical capacities of the student in the selection and oral presentation of prose, poetry, and drama. Reader’s Theater. (3 hours)
  • 200 Theater Workshop (Prerequisite: SPCH 100) All aspects of play production in the presentation of plays of various types and periods. Focuses on advanced acting skills and implementation of theories in the dramatic arts. (1 hour: can be repeated once)
  • 205 Fundamentals of Acting I Under­standing of the acting process. Various acting problems will be explored; scene and play selection, character building, concentrating and acting exercise. (2 hours)
  • 206 Fundamentals of Acting II (Prerequisite: SPCH 205) A continuation of Acting I. (2 hours)
  • 210 Introduction to the Theater An overview of the theater, with emphasis on dramatic literature and the role of the playwright, designer, director, and actor in the theater of the past and the present. (3 hours)
  • 215 Fundamentals of Stagecraft The basic principles of scenic design, scene construction, lighting, and other technical phases of the theater. (3 hours)
  • 300 Theater Workshop (Prerequisite: SPCH 200) All aspects of play production in the presentation of plays of various types and periods. Emphasizes theories, history, and directing skills, and involves a student production with the class instructor as advisor. (2 hours)
  • 326 African-American Drama Historical and contemporary study of African-American plays, dramatists, and actors; includes survey of the dramatic literature and producing organizations. (3 hours)
  • 400 Theater Workshop (Prerequisite: SPCH 300) All aspects of play production in the presentation of plays of various types and periods. Emphasizes methods in costume and design, stage design, set construction, make-up, lighting, and sound. (2 hours)


General Information. This department offers a Bachelor in Liberal Studies with a Concentration in Business and Computer Science. Through the coordination of business, related economics courses, and computer science courses, students are prepared to enter many areas of the business world and world of technology. Students take a core of courses consisting of 45 credit hours. In addition, students take a minimum of 18 additional credit hours to specialize in the areas of Accounting, Management, Marketing, or Computer Science.




ACC 211-212 Accounting Principles I-II 6
BUS 110 Contemporary Business Structure 3
BUS 301 Management Structure 3
BUS 313 Legal Environment of Business 3
BUS 340 Marketing 3
BUS 450 Business Policy 3
CS 232/234 Computer Organization I-II 6
CS 308 Databases 3
CS 323 Data Structures 3
CS 415 Programming in C 3
ECON 201-202 Principles of Economics I-II 6
SOSC 321 or MATH 205 Social Science Statistics or Introduction to Probability and Statistics 3

Emphasis. Students with an emphasis in accounting take, in addition to courses required in the Business and Computer Science Concentration, ACC 314, 321, 322, 460, 462, and either ECON 303 or FIN 310. Students taking an emphasis in management take an elective in accounting, BUS 303, 313, ECON 303, FIN 310, and one three credit hour elective in business, psychology, or sociology. Students with an emphasis in marketing take an accounting elective, BUS 313, 342, 425, 436, and one other three-credit course in business or economics. Students with an emphasis in economics take an accounting elective, ECON 303, 304, 415, FIN 310, and one other course in economics. Students in computer science take an accounting elective, MATH 132, CS 234, 411, 314 or MATH 314, and MATH 215.


  • 211 Accounting Principles I An overview of the accounting process from the bookkeeping part of accounting through the final adjusted financial statement. Also includes strong emphasis on accounting systems, flow of information, and business vocabulary. (3 hours)
  • 212 Accounting Principles II (Prerequisite : AC 211) A detailed analysis of all normal balance sheet and statement of income accounts; accounting systems analysis, with emphasis on the decision-making, data-analysis, and adjustment phases of accounting. (3 hours)
  • 314 Cost Accounting (Prerequisite: AC 212) Product costing in the manufacturing process for raw materials, work in process, and finished goods; cost of goods manufactured statements; job order and process cost accounting; standard costs; variance analysis; Cost Accounting Standards Board. (3 hours)
  • 321 Intermediate Accounting I (Prerequisite: AC 212) Basic accounting concepts and principles; balance sheet and income statement preparation; detailed analysis of cash receivable, short-term marketable securities; inventories costing and valuation methods and procedures. (3 hours)
  • 322 Intermediate Accounting II (Prerequisite: AC 321, 314) Long-term investments; land, building, and equipment regarding their acquisition; buildings and equipment regarding depreciation; intangible assets; current and contingent liabilities; long-term debt; paid-in capital. (3 hours)
  • 425 Special Topics in Accounting – Various special subjects in accounting. (1-6 hours. May be repeated.
  • 460 Individual Taxation (Prerequisite: AC 212) Income and deduction for individuals; itemized deductions; preparation of forms 1040A and 1040; IRS audit procedures and documentation requirements for these; IRS accounts. (3 hours)
  • 462 Auditing (Prerequisite: AC 212 and BUS 110) Theory and practice of generally accepted auditing standards; reports giving public evidence of the auditors’ work; reasons for the use of statistical sampling; and computer application. (3 hours)
  • 464 Governmental Accounting (Prerequisite: AC 322) Theory and practice of accounting used in governmental operation. (3 hours)


  • 110 Contemporary Business Structure Organization and operation of business in today’s dynamic society. (3 hours)
  • 301 Management Structure Analysis of managerial functions as a framework for organizing knowledge and techniques in the field; design and maintenance of an internal environment; systematic analysis of description of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling. Use of computer as a tool in solving management problems. (3 hours)
  • 303 Human Resource Management (Prerequisite: BUS 301) Theory, policies, procedures and practices in planning, selecting, training, and development; performance measurement and wage administration. (3 hours)
  • 310 Business Communications (Prerequisite: ENGL 202) Study of oral and written communication with emphasis on business correspondence and business report writing. Students will demonstrate proficiency in writing business correspondence and reports using various software tools on microcomputers. (3 hours)
  • 313 Legal Environment of Business In this survey of legal and ethical topics affecting business, students will learn principles of law most frequently involved in business transactions, including contracts, property, negotiable instruments, agencies, partnerships, and corporations. (3 credits)
  • 325 Special Topics in Business – Various special subjects in business. (1-6 hours. May be repeated) .
  • 340 Marketing Principles and methods involved in moving goods and services from producers to consumers; marketing functions; marketing manufactured goods and raw materials; proposals for improving the marketing structure. (3 hours)
  • 342 Advertising (Prerequisite: BUS 340) General survey of advertising, its uses, techniques, and problems. (3 hours)
  • 425 Retailing (Prerequisite: AC 212 and BUS 340) A study of the structure and environment of retailing and the policies and practices followed in the flow of goods and services to the customer/consumer. (3 hours)
  • 436 Marketing Research (Prerequisite: BUS 340) Consumer behavior, data collection; information analysis techniques; methodology of consumer purchasing; new product development; market and costing techniques. (3 hours)
  • 450 Business Policy Expressed and implied guides to behavior and action within the framework of the business organization, including managerial implementation of policies, computer applications, and the appropriate enforcement of these guidelines. (3 hours)


  • 200 Introduction to Computers (Prerequisite: MATH 103 or 120) Includes the parts of a computer system, computer terminology, the functions of computers, the role of computers in society. Students will use simple packaged applications programs such as an information retrieval program, a word processor, and a data management program. Students will write and run simple computer programs in the BASIC language. (3 hours)
  • 232 Computer Organization I (Prerequisite: CS 211) Design and analysis of digital logic circuits. Binary numbers and codes. Internal representation of number in computers; Boolean algebra, Karnaugh maps. Analysis and design procedures for combinational circuits: arithmetic circuits, decoders, encoders, multiplexers, algorithmic state and machine design of sequential circuits: D flip-flops, JK flip-flops. (3 hours)
  • 234 Program Design and Development (Prerequisite: CS 211) Designed to provide an understanding of the detailed logic required by a computer to solve an application problem. Emphasis on algorithm development using structured logic techniques for solving Basic I/O, multiple level control breaks, table handling, and sequential file handling. Attention given to I/O layout and design, program specification and structure charts. Introductory BASIC will be used. (3 hours)
  • 308 Data Base Management (Prerequisite: CS 211) Study and use of a leading commercial database package. Students will use the package’s file management capabilities to create, load, and maintain databases. Generation of reports on the data; procedures to be used. (3 hours)
  • 314 Numerical Methods (Prerequisite: MATH 215 and ability in a high-level computer language. Same course as MATH 314. Students may not receive credit for both courses.) Roots of equations, systems of linear equations, least-squares data fitting, input/output, ordinal data types, one-dimension arrays. (3 hours)
  • 343 Computer Organization II (Prerequisite: CS 232) Computer design, investigation of computer system hardware components, their design and functions; register and counters; memory and programmable logic; register transfer and computer operations; control logic. (3 hours)
  • 411 Systems Analysis and Design (Prerequisite: CS 234) Detailed study of the system life cycle, including tools for systems analysis such as feasibility study, data flow diagrams, data dictionaries, system flowcharts, program logic flowcharts, cost/benefit analysis. (3 hours)
  • 415 Programming in C (Prerequisite: MATH 131 and any high-level computer language) Problem-solving and algorithm development, introduction to programming in c. File handling, disk data sets. Developing good programming habits. Emphasis on the use of the C language in a wide range of applications. (3 hours)
  • 416 Computer Graphics (Prerequisite: CS 323 and 415, MATH 216) Interactive computer graphics. Transformation, perspectives, shading, vector generation. (3 hours)
  • 420 Topics in Computer Science (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Various special topics in computer science. (1-3 hours. May be repeated.)


  • 201 Principles of Economics I Fundamental principles of macroeconomics such as supply and demand analysis based on the American economic system. Alternative systems of economic organizations. Measures and determinants of the level of aggregate income, employment, and economic development. Monetary institutions and money supply; monetary policy, fiscal policy and international trade. (3 hours)
  • 202 Principles of Economics II (Prerequisite: ECON 201) Determination of Individual prices by Supply and Demand. Theories dealing with economic behavior of enterprises and individual economic sectors under differing market conditions. Problems of microeconomic policy. (3 hours)
  • 303 Money and Banking (Prerequisite: ECON 201) Analysis of the nature and economic role of money and credit. Overview of financial intermediation and its control by monetary authority. Yield curve strategies. Control of monetary aggregates and their relationship to employment and prices. (3 hours)
  • 304 Intermediate Macroeconomics (Prerequisite: ECON 201) An extension and elaboration of elementary aggregate income and employment analysis. Aggregate income and product account. Supply, demand and general static equilibrium of product and money markets. Growth and instability in economic activity; stabilization policies. (3 hours)
  • 330 Special Topics in Economics Various special subjects in economics. (1-3 hours. May be repeated).
  • 415 Economic Development (Prerequisite: ECON 202) Theory of economic development and its application to underdeveloped regions and countries. Technological, locational, and financial aspects of economic growth. (3 hours)


  • 310 Finance (Prerequisite: AC 212) Structure of the financial organization of various types of business. (3 hours)


General Information. The Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics provides a firm foundation in scientific methods and principles sufficient for students to pursue biology-based, chemistry-based, or health-related careers or to pursue further training in a professional discipline. The curriculum emphasizes the quantitative, problem-solving, communication, and computer skills required for proficiency of research and applied scientists, laboratory technicians, and health-care professionals. The department also has a research course sequence through which students may participate in research with a faculty member. Courses are also offered for students planning further study for careers in a variety of biological and biomedical fields, including medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine.



  • 210 Environmental Science (Prerequisite: MATH 120 or 131 or equivalent and introductory laboratory science sequence) Natural resources and the effects of pollution on the environment. Studies of the interrelationships of living organisms with the physical environment. Conservation. Laboratory. (3 hours)
  • 220 Energy (Prerequisite: MATH 120 or 131 or equivalent and introductory laboratory science sequence) The nature and flow of energy in the solar system. Thermodynamics. The environmental effects of energy use. Energy and the space program. Energy resources on earth, including food production. Earth science. Energy conservation. Laboratory. (3 hours)
  • 420 Science Experience (Prerequisite: Permission of Department Head) Work experience in a field closely related to the student’s major field. The experience will be supervised jointly by a representa­tive of the employer and by the student’s major advisor or designated faculty supervisor. (3-12 hours)


  • 100 Health and Wellness General anatomy and physiology of the human body, development of proper attitudes, knowledge, and skills of maintaining optimum body functioning. Requires the student to understand current trends in preventive medicine, nutrition, and general personal health and development. Includes substance use and abuse and consumer health. (2 hours)


  • 103 Bowling Instruction in fundamental skills, discussion of league participation. Class will bowl in class for average. (1 hour)
  • 104 Dancercise Basic instruction in skills combining dance and exercise performed to music. (1 hour)
  • 107 Gymnastics Study and practice in skills and techniques, tumbling, stunts, pyramid building, body mechanics, and conditioning exercises. (1 hour)
  • 109 Modern Dance Basic skills and techniques of dance movements, creative expressions, relationship of music to rhythmic and dance fundamentals, exploration activities. (1 hour)
  • 113 Swimming Instruction in the beginning level and water safety. (1 hour)
  • 120 Weight Training Basic knowledge of muscular activities, skills, and methods of stress development, instruction in various weight training activities. Students record class progress. (1 hour)
  • 121 Badminton/Tennis Instruction in basic strokes, forehand, backhand, and serve. Rules, regulations, and strategy of singles and doubles play. Practice and inter-class tournaments. (1 hour)
  • 123 Soccer/Volleyball Instruction in fundamental skills, individual and team practice, rules and strategy of team play. (1 hour)
  • 124 Basketball/Softball Fundamentals of skills, rules, and strategies. Each sport of offered for half of the semester. (1 hour)
  • 125 Basketball/Flag Football Basic skills, rules, and strategies. (1 hour)
  • 126 Exercise and Weight Control Introduction of concepts and activities related to effective weight control. (1 hour)


CS 415 Programming in C 3
MATH 132 Precalculus II 5
MATH 215 Analytic Geometry and Calculus I 3
MATH 216 or 205 Analytic Geometry and Calculus II or Introduction to Probability and Statistics 3
CHEM 111-112 General Chemistry I-II 8
CHEM 311,312 Organic Chemistry I-II 8
PHY 221, 222 General Physics I-II 8
BIO 318 Microbiology 4
BIO 319 Genetics 4



In addition to 46 semester hours in required courses for concentration in sciences and mathematics, students will take an additional 18-24 semester hours of emphasis in Biology, Chemistry, or Mathematics.

Emphasis Programs. The department offers curricula leading to an emphasis in Biology with a Pre-Health emphasis, in Chemistry, or in Chemistry with a Pre-Medicine emphasis.

The minimum requirements for an emphasis in Biology are 26 semester hours above General Biology but including Concentration-required courses in Biology. Students must satisfy related Concentration requirements in mathematics, chemistry, and physics as shown above. A minimum of 20 semester hours must be completed for an emphasis in Biology. BIOL 111 and BIOL 112 are counted with the general education core requirements, adding 8 semester hours to the total required.


The minimum requirements for an emphasis in Biology are 25 hours above General Biology but including Concentration-required courses in Chemistry. Students must satisfy related Concentration requirements in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. A minimum of 20 semester hours must be completed for an emphasis in Biology.

  • 111-112 General Biology I-II Experimental principles and concepts of the biological sciences. Molecular, cellular, and organism biology including zoological, botanical, ecological, developmental, and evolutionary emphasis. Laboratory. (4 hours each course)
  • 212 Embryology and Developmental Biology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111, 112) The developmental biology of animals with emphasis on insect, frog, chick, and pig embryos. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 213 Comparative Anatomy (Prerequisite: BIOL 111, 112) An in-depth consideration of the major chordate organ systems. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 214 Animal Physiology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111, 112, 213)A comparative study of body functions in chordates with emphasis on the physiology of the human body in health and disease. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 220 Medical Terminology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) Fundamental knowledge of the basic structure of medical words, including prefixes, suffixes, roots, combining forms, and plurals. (4 hours)
  • 231 The Plant Kingdom (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) An introduction to the morphology, anatomy, physiology, reproduction, taxonomy, and ecology of higher plants, fungi, and algae. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 318 Microbiology and Immunology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) An introduction to unicellular forms with emphasis on the bacteria and to the viruses. The structure, function, and molecular biology of the procaryotic cell. Cellular and molecular aspects of the immune system. Pure culture and diagnostic techniques will be mastered. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 319 Genetics (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) The gene concept and the organization and transmission of genetic information in plants, animals, and microorganisms. Laboratory with insects and microorganisms. (4 hours)
  • 320 Nutrition Basic principles of animal nutrition, with emphasis on man. (4 hours)
  • 321, 322 Research Methods in Biology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112, or permission of instructor) Experience in experimental techniques and analysis of data. Individual research projects. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 326 Parasitology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) The life cycles, taxonomy, physiology, and morphology of the common parasites of man and domestic animals. Protozoans, helminths, and arthropods of public health significance are emphasized. Laboratory. (4 hours)
  • 400 Topics in Biology (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Independent study of selected topics in biology (1-4 hours)
  • 411 Ecology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112)Interrelationships among living organisms and their environment. Laboratory will include field as well as laboratory techniques. (3 hours)
  • 414 Molecular and Cell Biology (Prerequisite: Chem 111-112; Biol 111, 112) Structure and function of tissues, cells, and their components. Emphasis on molecular reactions and genetics. (4 hours)
  • 415 Senior Seminar (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112) Introduction to scientific literature searching and analysis. Presentation and discussion of research papers. (1-4 hours)


The minimum requirements for an emphasis in Chemistry are 25 hours above General Chemistry but including Concentration-required courses in Biology. Students must satisfy related Concentration requirements in Mathematics, Physics, and Biology. A minimum of 20 semester hours must be completed for an emphasis in Chemistry.

  • 111-112 General Chemistry I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 131-132) Fundamental principles of general chemistry and their application to the chemical and physical properties of elements and compounds. Major emphasis is on inorganic substances. The second semester includes the theory and practice of semi-micro qualitative analysis. Provides the necessary background and information for advanced courses in chemistry and is required of all students with an emphasis in chemistry. Laboratory. (4 hours each course)
  • 311-312 Organic Chemistry I-II (Prerequisite: CHEM 111-112) A study of carbon compounds with emphasis on the preparation, properties, structure, and reactivity of molecules. Types of compounds, and reaction mechanisms. The chemistry of some biologically and industrially important products. Laboratory. (4 hours each course)
  • 400 Topics in Chemistry (Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor) Independent study of selected topics in chemistry (1-4 credit hours)
  • 411-412 Physical Chemistry I-II (Prerequisite: CHEM 211-212, 311-312; mathematics through calculus; Physics 311-312) The quantitative measurement and interpretation of chemical properties and processes in terms of modern principles and theory. Properties of gasses, liquids, solids, solutions; elementary thermodynamics; chemical equilibria electrochemistry; chemical kinetics; quantum theory. Laboratory. (4 hours each course)
  • 431-432 BiochemistryI-II (Prerequisite: CHEM 311-312) Introduction to fundamental principles of biochemistry, organic chemistry of substances of low molecular weight which are essential to living systems, biopolymers, metabolic pathways, enzyme kinetics, and biochemical control mechanisms. Laboratory. (4 hours each course. Offered on demand.)
  • 441-442 Research in Chemistry I-II (Prerequisite: Permission of instructor) Original investigations under the supervision of the chemistry faculty. (4 hours each course)
  • 444 Seminar (Prerequisite: junior or senior classification) Practice in the use of chemical literature, scientific writing, and oral presentation. (1-2 hours)


General Information. The Department of mathematics and Physics provides a firm foundation in scientific methods and principles sufficient for students to pursue mathematics-based careers or to pursue further training in a professional discipline. The department serves diverse student needs: in addition to the mathematics courses for the general education core, the department offers developmental courses, service courses for other programs in the College, mathematical preparation for prospective teachers, and research experiences to prepare students for graduate programs and employment in government and industry.

Emphasis Program. Students seeking an emphasis in Mathematics must complete at least 18 hours in mathematics above the general education core and Concentration requirements. Courses offered will include MATH 311, 315, 316, and 318, 417, 418, and 419. Students must also satisfy related Concentration requirements in Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

Students must earn a grade of C or better in all courses for the Concentration and the Emphasis.

  • 100 Pre-Algebra This course covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, fractions, mixed fractions, and decimals, ratio and proportion, order of operations, prime factors, exponents, and least common multiples, percentage with applications (use of calculator), study of two – and three-dimensional figures and their properties. Every student must take this course or demonstrate adequate mastery of the above topics on the placement examination or transfer an equivalent or more advanced course from another college. Students must receive a grade of C or better to pass this course. There are two hours of mandatory laboratory in addition to three hours of lecture per week. (4 hours. Students assigned to this course should add these hours to the total needed for graduation.)
  • 103 Elements of Algebra (Prerequisite: MATH 100 or exemption as described above) This course covers arithmetic of real numbers; linear equations and inequalities in one variable; laws on indices; arithmetic of polynomials and rational laws on indices; arithmetic of polynomials and rational expressions; arithmetic involving radicals; factoring and solution of quadratic equations by factoring; real solutions of quadratic equations; the rectangular co-ordinate system and graphs of linear equations and inequalities in two variable; solution of system of linear equations. Every student must take this course or demonstrate adequate mastery of the above topics on the placement test or transfer an equivalent or more advanced course from another college. Student must receive a grade of C or better to pass this course. (4 hours. Students assigned to this course should add these hours to the total needed for graduation.)
  • 110 Elements of Geometry (For college students who have not previously completed a course in geometry and for those who need a refresher course) Course includes elements of Euclidean geometry, points, lines, and planes; geometry of triangles, polygons, circles. Emphasis is on proof technique and critical reasoning. Historical background of Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry. (3 hours. Students assigned to this course should add these hours to the total needed for graduation.)
  • 111 Basic Concepts in Elementary Mathematics (Prerequisite: MATH 103) Designed primarily for pre-service elementary teachers. Includes numeration systems, sets and numbers, operations and their properties, computations, development of number systems, sentences and solution sets, primes and divisibility, mathematical systems, and the mathematical method. (3 hours)
  • 120 College Mathematics (Prerequisite: MATH 103 or exemption as described above) Covers basic algebraic operations, equations, graphs and functions, exponential and logarithms, simple and compound interest, annuities, and amortization of debt, counting and probability, statistical concepts, graphical presentation of information, simple number theory and applications to data encryption. Students must receive a grade of “C” or better to pass this course. (4 hours)
  • 131 – 132 Precalculus I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 103 or exemption) Provides mathematics preparation for calculus and other more advanced mathematics courses. The course covers system of numbers, including complex numbers, basic set notation, and concepts; algebraic (polynomial and rational ) functions, equations, inequalities and their graphs; trigonometry, laws of sines and cosines, polar coordinates and polar representation of complex numbers; exponential and logarithmic functions; conic sections; systems of linear equations and matrix techniques for solving them; mathematical induction, sequence, and series. (5 hours each course)
  • 200 Elements of Mathematics This course is an alternative for the MAPP Test.
  • 205 Introduction to Probability and Statistics (Applied) (Prerequisite: MATH 132) Includes probability, random variables, measures of central tendency, measures of spread, binomial and normal distributions, the Central Limit Theorem, point estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, t-tests, chi-square tests, and analysis of variance. This is a problem-solving course with little emphasis on theory. (3 hours)
  • 208 Discrete Mathematics (Prerequisite: MATH 132) topics include logic, set theory, algorithms, elementary number theory, methods of proofs, sequence and mathematical induction, functions and recurrence, graphs and trees. (3 hours)
  • 215-216 Calculus of One Variable with Elements of Analytic Geometry I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 132) Includes the real numbers, functions, graphs and curves in plane, conic sections, limits, continuous functions, derivatives, Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem, applications of derivatives, maxima and minima, L’Hospital’s rule, integration, antiderivatives and Riemann integrals, the fundamental theorem of calculus, sequences and series, and power and Taylor series. (3 hours each course)
  • 311 Linear Algebra (Prerequisite: MATH 216) Includes methods of solving systems of linear equations, elimination of unknowns and elementary row operations, matrices, inverse matrices, determinants, Cramer’s Rule, vectors, vector spaces linear independence, transformations, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and canonical forms. (3 hours)
  • 314 Numerical Methods (Prerequisite: MATH 216 and ability in high-level computer language. Same course as CS 314). Roots of equations, systems of linear equations, least-squares data fitting, numerical differentiation, numerical integration, round-off error. (3 hours)
  • 315-316 Calculus of Several Variables I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 216) This sequence of courses presents the general ideas on calculus for dimensions higher than two. Topics include solid geometry, algebra of vectors, planes, lines, vectors in space, functions of several variables, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, line and surface integrals, and Green’s and Divergence Theorems. (3 hours each course)
  • 318 Differential Equations (Prerequisite: MATH 216 and 311) Ordinary differential equations of the first and second orders with applications; systems of linear differential equations, matrix interpretation, linearly independent solutions and wronskians, boundary value problems, uniqueness and existence theorems, approximations. (3 hours)
  • 413-414 Probability and Mathematical Statistics I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 316) Includes combinatorics, probability, conditional probability, independent events, random variables, discrete probability distributions, probability densities, mathematical expectation, moment generating functions, limiting distributions, the Central Limit Theorem, sampling distributions, decision theory, point and interval estimation, hypothesis testing, Neyman-Pearson Lemma, nonparametrics, regression, and analysis of variance. (3 hours each course)
  • 417 Modern Abstract Algebra (Prerequisite: MATH 216) Includes sets, mappings, equivalence relations, well-ordering and the Principle of Mathematical Induction, the properties of the naturals, integers, rationales, reals, complex numbers; group theory permutation groups and Cayley’s Theorem, subgroups, cosets and Lagrange’s Theorem, normal subgroups and quotient groups; rings, integral domains, fields, the field of fractions, ideals polynomial ideals, quotient rings. (3 hours)
  • 418 Introduction to Analysis (Prerequisite: MATH 316) A theoretical treatment of calculus. Includes the real number system, limits of sequences, series and functions, continuity, derivatives and integrals, convergence and uniform convergence of sequence, convergence of infinite series and of functions, Taylor series, power series, Fourier series, convergence of infinite proper integrals. Riemann integrals. Riemann integral, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, integral as a limit. Metric spaces and compact space. (3 hours)
  • 419 Elements of Complex Variables (Prerequisite: MATH 418) Topics include the complex variable, the Cauchy-Riemann Equations, power series theory and the analytic function concept, integration in the complex plane, singularities and Laurent series, and Residue Theorem. (3 hours)
  • 420 Special Topics in Mathematics (Prerequisite: Dependent upon topics to be discussed) Offered when there is an interest and sufficient demand to consider topics not covered in the regular courses. (1-3 hours. May be repeated.)
  • 442 Seminar (Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor) Practice in the use of the mathematical literature; scientific writing; oral presentations. (1-3 hours)


  • 221 General Physics I (Prerequisite: MATH 131) Includes vectors and vector addition, statics, kinematics, dynamics of nonrotating (point-like) particles, conservation of energy, conservation of linear and angular momentum, uniform circular motion, rotation of rigid bodies, simple harmonic motion, ideal gas laws, laws of thermodynamics, heat gain and loss of a substance, linear expansion, kinetic theory. (4 hours)
  • 222 General Physics II (Prerequisite: PHYS 221) Includes static electricity, electric potential, capacitance, simple electric circuits, Amper’s laws of magnetism, Faraday’s Law inductance, electromagnetic waves, wave motion, physical optics, interference and diffraction, special relativity, black body radiation, Planck quantization, the photoelectric effect, Rutherford scattering, the Bohr model of the atom, DeBroglie’s hypothesis, the uncertainty principle, the strong nuclear interaction, and beta decay. (4 hours)
  • 311-312 Physics for Science and Engineering I-II (Prerequisite: MATH 216) Includes the kinematics and dynamics of linear motion, the condition of static equilibrium, principles of conservation of energy and of momentum, Newton’s Law of gravitation, the kinematics and dynamics of rotational motion, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, heat energy, kinetic theory, thermodynamics, electrostatic, direct and alternating current circuits, electromagnetics, waves, reflection, refraction, lenses, interferential diffraction. Differential and integral calculus and simple vector analysis are used throughout the course. Laboratory. (4 hours)

The following courses may be offered on demand:

  • 331 Atomic Physics (Prerequisite: PHYS 312 and MATH 216) Includes thermionics, x-rays, Bohr theory of hydrogen, structure of atoms and molecules, periodic table spectroscopy, the electromagnetic spectrum, interaction of radiation with matter, simple development of the special theory of relativity, wave-particle nature of matter, introduction of Schroediner’s equation. (4 hours)
  • 332 Mechanics (Prerequisite: PHYS 311 and MATH 216) Includes algebra and calculus leading to Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, vectorial treatment of classical mechanics, particle motion under central forces, vibratory motions, statistics and dynamics of rigid bodies, and Hamilton and LaGrange equations. (4 hours)


The Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences offers courses in political science, psychology, sociology, and criminal justice. The department also offers several interdisciplinary courses.


  • 320 Social Science Research (Prerequisite: MATH 120 or 131, or consent of the instructor) Examines research as a form of inquiry, the assumptions of scientific research, the relationship between research and the development of theory, and ethical issues in doing research. The course includes methods of selecting a topic, hypothesis formation, conceptualization, and measurement. The student will focus on the study of research design including experimental design, survey research, and field research techniques. Each student will select a topic for research, formulate a research problem, do a literature review, develop and implement a research design, and analyze data.
  • 321 Social Science Statistics (Prerequisite: MATH 120 or 131, or consent of the instructor) Introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics, the normal distribution, probability, test of significance, and correlation and regression analysis. (3 hours)
  • 421 Development of Graduate Skills Offered to senior social science majors who anticipate enrolling in a graduate/professional program and reviewing for the GRE or the Senior Comprehensive in their major. Emphasis on adjusting to the graduate experience, test-taking skills, and reviewing materials in the major program. (3 hours)


PSY 201 General Psychology I 3
PSY 236 Lifespan Development 3
PSY 311 Personality Theory 3
PSY 312 The Developing Child 3
SOC 101 or 102 Principles of Sociology or Social Problems 3
SOC 311 or 319 Deviance or Criminology 3
SOC 343 Race and Ethnicity 3
SOC 412 Social Psychology 3
PSCI 110 or 201 American Government or Introduction to Political Science 3
PSCI 331 Comparative Politics 3
PSCI 332 Introduction to Public Administration 3
PSCI 450 Public Policy Analysis 3
SOSC 320 Social Science Research 3
SOSC 321 Social Science Statistics 3


  • 110 American Government Focus upon the nation’s constitutional background, civil rights and liberties, federalism, public opinion, interest groups and the electoral process: examination of governmental structures, including Congress, the Presidency, the Court system, and bureaucracy. (3 hours)
  • 201 Introduction to Political Science (Prerequisite: PSCI 110) Analysis of the concepts of political science including power, society, government, community, the nation-state, and justice. Examination of the different types of political systems in existence and concluding with an examination of how political participation and political organization are related to the pursuit of public policy. (3 hours)
  • 210 State and Local Government (Prerequisite: PSCI 110) An examination of the institutional framework and environment in which subnational government operates in the United States. Attention is focused upon state
  • constitutions, state legislatures, the office of the governor, and court systems as well as the structure and activities of local government. (3 hours)
  • 311 American Foreign Policy (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) A historical overview of the development of American foreign policy during the twentieth century, with emphasis upon the post-World War II period and examination of the institutional framework in which U.S. foreign policy is formulated, as well as, an assessment of the various factors contributing to the design and execution of policy. (3 hours)
  • 319 International Relations (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) An examination of the relationships between nations, the nation-state system, sovereignty, nationalism, colonialism, war, collective security, international cooperation, and international law. (3 hours)
  • 331 Comparative Politics (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) Examination of the political institutions, political culture, and political performance of Great Britain, France, Germany, and at least one developing country. (3 hours)
  • 332 Introduction to Public Administration (Prerequisite: PSCI 110) The theory and practice of the implementation of government programs, including the examination of bureaucratic organization, personnel systems, legislative oversight, the budgetary process, judicial controls over administration, and the possibilities of bureaucratic reform. (3 hours)
  • 351 Political Parties and Pressure Groups (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) The rise and decline of parties in the American political system; the role of organized interests in the political process, and the impact of the electronic media and “image building” on the parties. (3 hours)
  • 441 Political Theory (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) The evolution of Western political thought from ancient Greeks to the present. Emphasis is upon both substantive content and contemporary relevance. (3 hours)
  • 444 Constitutional Law (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 210) The foundation, organization, and limitations of judicial power in the American political system, origin and theory of judicial review, organization and operation of the federal court system; the Supreme Court as a policy-making institution. (3 hours)
  • 450 Public Policy Analysis (Prerequisite: PSCI 110, 201) An examination of the causes and consequences of governmental activities, including an assessment of the impact of environmental forces on the context of public policy. (3 hours)
  • 459 Senior Seminar in Political Science (Prerequisite: senior standing) A course designed for political science majors with senior standing: a general review of the literature and basic concepts of political science in preparation for the senior comprehensive examinations. (3 hours)
  • 460-461 Field Experience in Government Organizations (Prerequisite: sophomore standing) A study of the functions, problems, and services provided by federal, state, and local agencies and/or civic agencies. Actual studies and actual work experience in a particular agency on a selected problem or project. (3 hours)


  • 201 General Psychology I: Introduction The first course in a two-semester introductory survey of psychology: emphasis on the history of psychology, principles of learning and motivation and social psychology. (3 hours)
  • 202 General Psychology II: Biological and Personality Foundations (Prerequisite: PSYC 201) The second course in a two-semester introductory survey of psychology: emphasis on biological and environmental factors that influence our behavior; structure and function of the nervous, sensory, and motor systems: perceptions, memory, and personality theories of development. (3 hours)
  • 211 Social Psychology (Prerequisite PSYC 201) Behavior of the individual as he/she is affected by others in his/her society; attitudes, leadership, communications, prejudice, and legal issues affecting minorities. (3 hours)
  • 224 Theories of Learning (Prerequisite: PSYC 201) Introduction of the principles of behavior modification and control, areas of central importance for all applied fields of psychology. (3 hours)
  • 235 Human Sexuality (Prerequisite: PSYC 201) The nature of human sexual behavior: biological, psychological, social, and cultural perspectives; psychosexual development, sexual problems and solutions. (3 hours)
  • 236 Life Span Development (Prerequisite: PSYC 201) Psychological and physiological development of humans from prenatal periods through old age: emphasis on how people change over a life span. (3 hours)
  • 311 Personality Theory (Prerequisite PSYC 201) Introduction to personality theory and research that will allow the student to better understand himself/herself. (3 hours)
  • 312 The Developing Child (Prerequisite PSYC 201) Focuses on early language and cognitive development. Topics will include the impact of families, schools, and cultures on the child’s behavior and development. (3 hours)
  • 313 Abnormal Psychology (Prerequisite PSYC 201) Introduction to the study and research of human variance, maladaptive behavior, classification and evaluation of mental disorders. 311 desirable (3 hours)
  • 321 Physiological Psychology (Prerequisite: BIOL 111-112 or one semester of BIOL 214, PSYC 201) A multi disciplinary combination of concepts in the physical and natural sciences with the basic principles of behavior. Students will learn the importance of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology in the context of the behavioral process. (3 hours)
  • 335 History and Systems of Psychology (Prerequisite PSYC 201) Antecedents of the social sciences in general and of psychology in particular; early philosophical considerations of human behavior; uses of science and technology; beginnings of psychology as a formal science in Europe and America; contributions of African-American and Hispanic psychologists. (3 hours)
  • 430 Readings in Psychology Majors are encouraged to develop interests of their own and to design a course for themselves around these interests. The faculty coordinator for this course will then assign between 1 and 4 hours credit for the proposed course. Permission of the instructor required. (1-4 hours. May be repeated)
  • 441 Counseling (Prerequisite: junior standing in psychology or permission of the instructor) Orientation to the major helping professions; introductory training in theories and techniques of counseling. (3 hours)
  • 442 Seminar in Psychology (Prerequisite: junior standing in psychology or permission of Instructor) Involves the discussion of current issues and problems in psychology, permitting advanced students to integrate their knowledge of psychology by attacking new problems. (3 hours)
  • 450 Experimental Psychology (Prerequisite: SOSC 321) The primary focus of this course is to introduce students to the preparation of formal experimental research proposals, including the planning, observation, statistical evaluation, and interpretation of research outcomes. (3 hours)
  • 470 Practicum in Psychology (Prerequisite: senior standing in Psychology or permission of Instructor) Direct experience working in community agencies, hospitals, schools, etc. (1-6 hours. May be repeated.)


  • 101 Principles of Sociology (Prerequisite: ENGL 201) A survey of the fundamental concepts, theories, and research findings within the discipline. Emphasis on the structures and processes of society. (3 hours)
  • 102 Social Problems (Prerequisite: ENGL 201) Analysis of courses and proposed solutions to problems such as crime, poverty, racism, sexism, and violence. Requirements include practical experience in implementing a solution to a social problem. (3 hours)
  • 213 Cultural Anthropology (Prerequisite: SOC 101) A survey of the origin and development of humankind and socio-cultural life. Focus on the ethnographic and comparative analysis of culture. (3 hours)
  • 214 The African American Experience (Prerequisite: SOC 101) Inquiry into current and projected significant roles for African Americans, with an emphasis on life styles, prejudice, discrimination, and forces leading to change. (3 hours)
  • 310 Contemporary Society (Prerequisite: SOC 101 and 102) An analysis of the structure, functions, and interrelatedness of major social institutions. Attention to modern society and to historical changes in the structure of social institutions. (3 hours)
  • 311 Deviance (Prerequisite: SOC 101 and 102) A study of deviant behavior using various sociological perspectives; such as, the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist theories. Analysis of the roles of both the individual and society in creating behaviors such as crime, mental illness, substance abuse, and sexual variance. (3 hours)
  • 312 The Family (Prerequisite: SOC 101) A sociological study for the family concentrating on structure and functions, how the family is changing, and the relatedness of the family to other major social institutions, such as education and the economy. Attention given to gender roles, socialization, and current issues. (3 hours)
  • 313 Social Theory (Prerequisite: SOC 101, Junior standing) Concentrates on the development of theory in sociology and on the practical use of theory in everyday life. Stress given to major contemporary sociological theories and their importance in the discipline today. (3 hours)
  • 314 Social Stratification (Prerequisite: SOC 101 and 102) An examination of principles, processes and structures that govern the distribution of power, income, wealth, and prestige in human societies. (3 hours)
  • 316 Urban Sociology (Prerequisite: SOC 101) An ecological approach to focus on understanding the city as a community form, the processes of urbanization and suburbanization, the role of the urbanite, and the social problems of modern cities. (3 hours)
  • 318 Juvenile Delinquency (Prerequisite: SOC 101) A study of juvenile delinquency as a social problem. Content includes extent, causes, methods of treatment, and programs of prevention and control. (3 hours)
  • 319 Criminology (Prerequisite: SOC 101) Exploration of the nature of crime, explanations of criminal behavior, the criminal justice system, and the social impact of crime in American society. (3 hours)
  • 343 Race and Ethnicity (Prerequisite: SOC 101 and 102) Cultivates understanding of race and ethnic relations from a sociological perspective. Topics include the antecedents of prejudice, patterns of intergroup relations, the socioeconomic and political conditions of minority groups, social change, and institutional issues. (3 hours)
  • 345 Collective Behavior and Social Movement (Prerequisite: SOC 101) An examination of the eclectic forms of collective behavior, including riots, ecstatic crowds, rumor, legends, disasters, protests, and social movements. Emphasis is given to the Civil Rights Movement. (3 hours)
  • 412 Social Psychology (Prerequisite: SOC 101 or PSYC 201; Senior standing) Individual and group behavior, with an emphasis on the ways interpersonal relationships and social structures affect this behavior. (3 hours)
  • 431 Senior Seminar (Prerequisite: Senior standing) An opportunity for majors to integrate their sociological experiences and prepare for the comprehensive field examination. (3 hours)
  • 432 Special Topics in Sociology (Prerequisite: SOC 101; Permission of instructor) Focus on a particular social issue, social problem, or sociological concern. (1-3 hours. May be repeated up to 9 hours)
  • 433 Readings in Sociology (Prerequisite: SOC 101; Permission of instructor) An opportunity for advanced students to do independent work on a one-to-one basis with an instructor. (1-3 hours. May be repeated up to 6 hours).


  • 200 Introduction to Criminal Justice An introduction and overview of the criminal justice system. Special attention is given to the components of the system and how they interact with each other. (3 hours)
  • 311 American Police System Examines the role of the police in modern society. Techniques of law enforcement are surveyed. Problems and issues encountered by police are analyzed. (3 hours)
  • 312 American Correctional System The structure and function of corrections in the modern criminal justice system. Problems faced by correctional institutions and solutions to those problems are addressed. (3 hours)
  • 410 Practicum in Criminal Justice Management Field experience with cooperating agency supervised by agency professional and college faculty. (1-3 hours)
  • 450 Readings in Criminal Justice An independent reading course designed to familiarize the student with current literature and trends in the field. (1-3 hours)
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